Web3 Infrastructure: A Layered Cake Of The New Internet

Layer 0

Layer 1

  • off-chain data processing (faster side chains that manage micro transactions on top of a main blockchain, application-specific chains, e.t.c.) and tools to support them (such as oracles and bridges, that help chains keep track of viable data and communicate with each other): for example, Polygon;
  • tools that help other apps to process blockchain data, so instead of working with a miner directly (which increases their workload, since they have to process your queries) or maintaining a node, apps or even individuals could use a much faster and convenient API to get all the info they need, such as Infura.
  • tools that provide long term storage and retrieval for the data that is too big, or too specific to be stored on the chain. You may have heard some names: IPFS, Filecoin, Arweave.

Layer 2

Layer 3

Additional reading

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Super Protocol

Super Protocol

Super Protocol is for those who need decentralized, permissionless, trustless and easily scalable computing resources.

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